Home Selling UWM Raises Extra Than $1B by Tweaking Servicing Rights

UWM Raises Extra Than $1B by Tweaking Servicing Rights


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The nation’s largest mortgage lender, United Wholesale Mortgage, has bolstered its stability sheet by greater than $1 billion this yr by promoting servicing rights and extra servicing money stream on almost $90 billion in loans.

UWM bought the servicing rights on $70 billion in mortgages backed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae for $941.2 million, the corporate disclosed in a observe appended to the top of its annual report back to buyers.

Along with promoting almost one-fourth of its mortgage servicing rights (MSR) portfolio outright, UWM mentioned it bought extra servicing money flows on an extra $19.4 billion in loans for $150.9 million.

The 2 servicing offers, which raised a complete of $1.09 billion, came about a while after Dec. 31, 2023, the corporate mentioned.

“We suspect the gross sales went to just a few patrons which possess sufficient scale to finance and onboard bulk product, together with choose servicers and REITs [real estate investment trusts] … which rank within the prime 15 for market share,” BTIG analyst Eric Hagen mentioned in a observe to purchasers Monday.

Along with being the nation’s largest supplier of residence loans, UWM additionally acts as a mortgage servicer, accumulating funds from debtors on behalf of buyers who purchase the loans it originates. Though 93 % of the loans UWM originated final yr have been bought to buyers, UWM retains the mortgage servicing rights on many of the loans it originates, incomes $818.7 million in charges as a mortgage servicer in 2023.

Being within the mortgage servicing enterprise can create accounting complications, since modifications in rates of interest can have an effect on the honest worth of mortgage servicing rights. When mortgage charges go down, that may cut back the honest worth of MSRs, since debtors usually tend to refinance and find yourself with one other mortgage servicer.

In reporting a $461 million fourth-quarter internet loss on Feb. 28, UWM mentioned it continues to be “operationally worthwhile,” with the web loss pushed by a $634.4 million write-down of the honest worth of UWM’s MSR portfolio.

UWM’s MSR portfolio peaked in 2021

Supply: UWM annual studies to buyers.

Having bought $112.9 billion in MSRs in 2022 and $99.2 billion in 2023, UWM ended 2023 with an MSR portfolio totaling $299.5 billion in unpaid principal stability, down 6 % from a 2021 peak of $319.8 billion.

With 2024 MSR gross sales already totaling at the very least $70 billion, UWM’s MSR portfolio is now nearer to $230 billion than $300 billion. BTIG estimates UWM will promote one other $60 billion in MSRs this yr, however finish 2024 with an MSR portfolio of $265 billion by originating $120 billion in mortgages and protecting the servicing rights for a lot of that enterprise.

BTIG theorizes that many of the MSRs UWM has bought this yr have been tied to loans with increased rates of interest originated within the final 12 to 18 months. Whereas these are the kind of loans that might have required MSR markdowns, the debtors who took out these loans would even be good refi candidates for UWM to “recapture” on the origination facet if rates of interest fall.

“Not like a few of our opponents, we have now not traditionally particularly hedged the MSR portfolio,” UWM Chief Monetary Officer Andrew Hubacker mentioned on a Feb. 28 name with funding analysts. “Somewhat we preserve our portfolio at ranges such that we’re assured that honest worth impacts on account of rate of interest declines will, over time, be greater than offset by a rise in origination earnings.”

Hagen mentioned BTIG analysts “nonetheless just like the gross sales as a result of it avoids the potential for additional [markdowns] pushed by decrease rates of interest, and we see it as an efficient type of hedging if the recapture alternative appears to be like restricted” for UWM.

Shares in UWM, which within the final 12 months have traded for as little as $4.16 and as a lot as $7.43, closed at $6.81 Monday, up 17 % from a 2024 low of $5.82 registered on Feb. 28 after the corporate introduced a fourth quarter earnings.

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